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A small mobile education under the skin rarely causes serious health concerns, but delivers tangible emotional discomfort. Despite seeming harmlessness, in some cases, a small wen can be a real problem. Whether it is necessary to let everything take its course or immediately get rid of the hated lipoma, the specialists of the Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery center in Poltava know.
Lipoma is a benign neoplasm growing from adipose tissue, for which it received the name "wen." Such a problem is faced by one person out of a thousand, often without betraying her great importance. A benign tumor is not much different from normal adipose tissue and is a mature fat cells surrounded by a thin-walled fibrous capsule. This formation does not cause pain and is easily felt through the skin.
Quite often, lipomas grow on the neck, abdomen, buttocks, upper back or arms, less often found on the gol or hand. There are easy to see, but they rarely pose a health hazard.
A completely different situation with tumors in the walls of the organs or retroperitoneal space. Such a tumor can be found only during the examination, and the risk of harm to health is much higher.
The proliferation of adipose tissue is much more common in women than in men. This is due to the hormonal features of the body. Despite this, female wenders are predominantly solitary, while in men, multiple forms are more common. The exact cause of the formation of lipomas is unknown, but the risk of the appearance of a fatty tumor increases due to:
Regardless of the reason for the appearance of the wen when it is detected, it is worth to consult a doctor.
Most subcutaneous lipomas are harmless, and their size is limited to 1-3 cm. But there are exceptions, when a lump of fat grows to several kilograms. Large accumulations of fat located in the walls of organs cause serious health problems. They crowd out healthy tissues, disrupt the innervation and blood supply in the body, leading to the emergence of comorbidities (intestinal obstruction, coronary insufficiency, etc.).
Pathologies of fat tissue proliferation include:
In addition, in rare cases, a benign tumor can degenerate into a malignant tumor, especially when it comes to wens in the retroperitoneal space.
Since the lipoma consists not only of fat, but also of the fibrous membrane surrounding it, in order to cure it is necessary to get rid of both components. It is easiest to remove the wen surgically, but occasionally doctors confine themselves to steroid injections to prevent the growth of adipose tissue. Despite the potential risks, the removal of fatty tumors in children under 5 years of age is not carried out.
To remove tumors most often used:
Liposuction allows you to empty the fat pouch, but leaves the fibrous capsule, so there is a risk of recurrence of the problem. This method is often used to treat widow's hump.
Endoscopy is used when removing small wen (2 cm). But Japanese doctors were able to introduce submucosa dessection techniques in the fight against masses up to 5 cm in diameter.
With the help of surgery, it is possible to remove a lipoma of any size. To eliminate subcutaneous neoplasms, a small operation is sufficient under general anesthesia. The doctor anesthetizes the site of the procedure, cuts the skin, removes the wen, and then sews up the wound. When removing intraorgan lipomas, the intervention is performed under general anesthesia.
Hardware methods, including laser, radio wave treatment or cryodestruction are applicable when removing small subcutaneous neoplasms.
Experienced doctors of the Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery Center in Poltava will quickly relieve you of the problem with the most efficient and painless method.