Benign neoplasms consisting of adipose tissue lipomas rarely cause problems to the patient. In most cases, these formations are of small size, therefore they are hardly noticeable, painless and have no effect on the general state of human health.
Contrary to popular belief, wen can be formed not only subcutaneously, but also in the fatty tissue surrounding the internal organs. And if the former can be detected by a superficial examination, the latter are often seen only when symptoms of inflammation appear. The appearance of pain and redness in the location of the lipoma is an alarming sign that you need to consult a doctor.
Lipoma for years can exist without causing any discomfort. But in some cases, an innocent neoplasm can be a threat to the health and well-being of patients. The causes of the inflammation of a fatty tumor are not fully understood, but the most likely are:
Regardless of the reasons that led to the inflammatory process in the tissue of the lipoma, the disease delivers considerable discomfort. Most often, the inflammatory process affects the subcutaneous formations located on the face or in the region of the labia.
A benign neoplasm in a relatively short time grows to a certain size, after which its growth stops. The diameter of the normal wen can be from a few mm to 2 cm. If the tumor continues to grow, then it is worthwhile to promptly consult a doctor for a biopsy and exclude malignancy.
If a lipoma of any diameter starts to hurt, this is also a reason to consult a doctor to find out the cause of the inflammation, eliminate its symptoms and cause. About the inflammatory process they say:
If the fatty lump hurts constantly and without external influence, the doctor may suspect her degeneration into a malignant form. Liposarcoma can be a serious danger to life, therefore, when the onset of alarming symptoms can not hesitate to seek medical help. In addition, inflammation of a wen on the face without appropriate treatment often leads to the spread of a pathological process up to the development of meningitis or encephalitis.
Local hyperthermia, redness, swelling and pain are the main signs of lipoma inflammation, which adversely affect the patient's well-being. The severity of these symptoms depends on a number of factors, including:
Drugs or folk remedies that can quickly and effectively remove inflammatory symptoms are suitable for the treatment of a small formation. Drug therapy includes the use of antiseptic, antibacterial and anti-inflammatory drugs for internal or local use. Medicines for external use contain antimicrobial, anti-inflammatory components, plant extracts that help eliminate the signs of the disease and restore the normal state as soon as possible.
In addition to medical drugs, when it hurts, it is often used traditional methods of treatment. Alternative medicine methods help in simple cases, but should be used with the permission of the attending physician.
An affordable and easy way to cure a wen that has started to hurt is to use ordinary garlic. The odorous vegetable is famous for its pronounced antibacterial properties and in folk medicine it is successfully used in the treatment of boils, burns, and purulent inflammations. To eliminate the inflammatory symptoms, you need to rub a few cloves of garlic and make a compress out of the slurry, fixing it with a clean bandage. Use the tool every day to eliminate the symptoms.
A similar effect has an ointment based on garlic and pork fat. Garlic gruel and fat are mixed in equal proportions to obtain a homogeneous consistency. The ointment is applied to the inflamed area several times a day.
Pronounced medicinal properties has celandine. In order to cure a lipoma that has started to hurt, the plant must be brewed, and the dressing soaked in a strong decoction and put on a sore spot. The use of celandine leads to a rupture of a superficially located wen, and its contents are drawn out with Vishnevsky ointment or another means. The surface of the wound must be treated with an antiseptic to prevent the development of infection.
Baked onions are also considered an effective folk remedy for the treatment of inflamed lipoma. A small-sized vegetable to bake in the oven. Baked onions are ground in a mush with rubbed soap (brown). The resulting mass is applied to the painful area three times a day, fixing with cling film or a sterile bandage. The procedure is carried out until the disappearance of the seal.
If you see that alternative medicine and drugs do not bring the desired effect, and the fatty tumor continues to hurt, you need to re-visit the doctor to prescribe another therapy. In most cases, experts recommend getting rid not of the symptoms, but their causes, having resorted to surgical or hardware methods to remove the lipoma.
Surgical intervention for getting rid of a fatty tumor is used if its diameter exceeds 2 cm or it is located in the wall of the organ. High-growth or intraorgan neoplasms are most susceptible to malignant degeneration. If they start to hurt, then both parts have to be removed: the fatty tissue and the surrounding capsule. Surgery allows you to completely remove the lipoma, not allowing it to grow again.
Resection of cones located under the skin is performed under local anesthesia (with the exception of children and some other groups of patients who show general anesthesia). Before the operation, the patient passes the tests prescribed by the surgeon, and is undergoing ultrasound. The procedure itself is simple and takes about half an hour.
Surgical removal of fatty tumors is used for:
Classical surgical treatment is accompanied by a long recovery period, as well as the appearance of scars at the site of the skin incision, so doctors prefer to use less traumatic methods for removing adipose.
During surgical treatment, postoperative care becomes an important stage preventing the occurrence of complications. To avoid inflammation in the area of the operation, the patient is prescribed:
To avoid the formation of an ugly scar, special preparations are also used to speed the healing and resorption of the connective tissue.
It is possible to get rid of the inflamed bumps under the skin with non-surgical methods. Endoscopic surgery can be a good alternative to surgical intervention when getting rid of intraorganic or subcutaneous fatty tumors. Endoscopic instruments allow the removal of formations with a diameter of up to 2 cm through minimal incisions.
Another effective treatment for lipomas is liposuction. This method is used to remove subcutaneous formations of any size, including a widow's hump. Through a small puncture, a cannula is inserted into the body of the wen, through which its contents are sucked. Despite the effectiveness of this treatment, it has a drawback: after pumping out the adipose tissue, a fibrous capsule remains in the body, which significantly increases the risk of re-emergence of the neoplasm, which will begin to hurt again.
For the treatment of small hypodermic lipomas, hardware techniques are actively used, including:
Cryodestruction is used in the treatment of various skin lesions (papillomas, hemangiomas, atheromas) with the help of liquid nitrogen. The method allows to destroy adipose tissue with the capsule, which reduces the risk of re-emergence of the wen. Due to cold burns, a small scar may remain at the site of exposure to liquid nitrogen.
Laser therapy and a radio wave knife are considered the most benign methods of removing lipomas. These techniques allow you to remove the wen with the capsule with minimal risk of bleeding or scarring of the skin.
A lipoma that began to hurt in the absence of timely and adequate treatment becomes a cause of serious ailments. The main complication that accompanies inflammation of the neoplasm is the appearance of pus inside the fatty bump. Suppuration indicates penetration into the infection from the neighboring tissues or from the outside during independent attempts to get rid of the wen.
The accumulation of purulent masses gradually leads to the formation of an abscess, accompanied by severe pain, itching, burning in the inflamed area, an increase in body temperature, a sharp increase in the size of the lipoma. Suppuration of large diameter tumors causes weakness, as well as other signs of intoxication.
Capsule-bound purulent masses continue to accumulate, leading to inflammation of the tissues surrounding the lipoma. Further development of the disease leads to their melting, the release of pus beyond the abscess, the formation of cellulitis. In severe cases, the process may be accompanied by a rupture of cellulitis, penetration of pus in the area of the body, leading to sepsis and serious consequences for the whole body.
Timely treatment and the appointment of therapy allows you to avoid the appearance of complications, eliminating the disease at an early stage.
The causes of the appearance of lipomas are not fully elucidated, but there are effective preventive measures that significantly reduce the risk of the appearance of benign fatty tumors in any parts of the body.
The main task in preventing the formation of lipomas is the maintenance of a normal metabolism through dietary correction. Recommended:
In addition to changing the diet, it is important to maintain personal hygiene and regular medical examinations. A special place in the prevention of the formation of wen takes normal functioning of the digestive tract and the endocrine system, so they should be examined carefully.
If the lipoma is still formed and started to hurt, you need to seek medical help as soon as possible. Only a specialist can find and eliminate the causes of inflammation, as well as eliminate the risk of malignant degeneration.
Doctors of the Clinic of Plastic and Cosmetic Surgery in Poltava will quickly remove an uncomfortable fatty wound surgically and restore health to your body!