Correction can be carried out by two methods: vacuum and tumescent one.
When using the vacuum technique through punctures on the skin with a diameter of 0.3-0.5 cm, the surgeon inserts special cannulas that are connected to the vacuum apparatus. Cannulas move forward, which provides mechanical destruction of fat tissue followed by its parallel draining. With the help of this technique, a surgeon can remove 1-3 L of fat from the abdomen at once.
Tumescent liposuction involves the preliminary administration of the Klein solution into the subcutaneous fat zone. It helps to destroy the cells, as a result of which they dissolve and acquire a liquid consistency. After that, it is much easier to drain them out with a vacuum device. This reduces the traumatic procedure and shortens the rehabilitation period.
Immediately after the procedure, a pain comparable to pain in the muscles after strong physical exertion can be felt in the area of intervention. If the procedure was performed under general anesthesia, the pain can be more significant. Immediately after, an oedema appears on the area of the intervention, which passes of during 4-12 weeks.
To prevent infection and greater oedema, open drainage is used and the wearing of compression linen is prescribed. This imposes some restrictions on the patient's motion activity.
You can return to work and moderate exercises a week later after liposuction. The first results will be visible in 2-3 weeks. Over time, the scars become lighter and completely reabsorbed. The healing time depends on the individual characteristics of the patient's body and can vary from 6 to 12 months.
To avoid complications, liposuction should be performed 2-3 years before pregnancy. This is necessary for complete healing and restoration, normalization of blood supply in the area of draining out unnecessary tissues. Often, in parallel with the liposuction of the abdomen, abdominal plastic is carried out to remove excess skin, having been formed after draining out. Excess tissues are dissected away, and the abdominal muscles will be stitched and cosmetic sutures applied. If the pregnancy has occurred earlier than 2-3 years after the plastic repair, then suture line disruption is possible on the last terms or during delivery, the lack of skin will lead to its strong stretching. It is also worth noting that hormonal changes occur during pregnancy, which affects the body weight of a woman, so such changes can significantly transform the results obtained after plastic surgery. Therefore, it is important either to observe the terms for the complete tissues repair before pregnancy or to refuse operations before delivery.