Plastic surgery can drastically change a person's life. It allows reaching the generally accepted canons of beauty or eliminating the consequences of accidents and traumas. Today medicine successfully incorporates not only natural materials (cartilage tissue of the patient), but artificial ones as well.
The implants are often used to achieve the desired result in modern rhinoplasty. If nose plasty performed to reduce the nose's volume is a standard procedure, which causes no surprise to anyone, the operation with the use of the implant implies its increase to the contrary. This is necessary in the following cases:
Implants used in rhinoplasty can be made of porous or monolithic synthetic base. The most common types are:
The choice of the base is always carried out by plastic surgeon performing the operation. If possible, preference is given to natural variants: cartilage allograft or auto-cartilage. This allows to avoid occurrence of allergic reactions.
This technique is most popular and consists in moving of the patient's own cartilage tissue. The following areas can serve as sources of the basis for correction depending on the required size:
The advantages of using auto-cartilage include the following:
Sometimes the patients refuse to use their own cartilage tissue no matter in which part the incision will be made (ribs, external ears, etc.). In this case, the surgeons apply cartilage allografts, which are the natural conserved donor fragments of cartilage.
The disadvantages of the method include the following:
The most common materials for the manufacturing of implants are: hydroxyapatite, polytetrafluorethylene, polyethylene and silicone. Their use allows shortening the operation time, as there is no need to allocate cartilage tissue. Only qualitative bases which have hypoallergenic properties, are non-responsive and are not subject to resorption (destruction) are used in plastic surgery. This allows them to live in the body without causing rejection. However, no artificial graft could surpass auto-cartilage by its characteristics.
Despite the fact that many surgeons are skeptical of artificial grafts, they are unanimous in the opinion that such a technique is irreplaceable in certain situations. Specialists distinguish the following advantages of their use:
The main drawback is that they do not always take root, they can be inflamed and cause allergic reactions. However, do not forget that the result of the operation always depends not only on the quality of the materials used, but also on the level of qualification of the plastic surgeon.